Discovering unusual changes in your mouth can be concerning. While certain lesions can be caused by irritation, and are nothing to worry about, sores and patches that don’t clear up on their own should still be investigated.
If you find something unusual in your mouth, contact an oral surgeon.
WHY AN ORAL SURGEON?
An oral surgeon is a dentist that is well versed in defects, diseases and injuries to the mouth, jaw, and surrounding structures, including the face and neck. He is experienced in the diagnosis and treatment of oral issues, as well as repair, reconstruction of both bone and soft tissues, and tooth extraction.
If you have an unusual patch in your mouth, an oral surgeon is just the person to examine and diagnose it, and can confirm or rule out oral cancer.
Oral biopsies are used to test suspicious patches of tissue in your mouth. They can help to diagnose lesions, sores, discolored patches, ulcers, swelling or other unusual oddities that have appeared.
They are often used in conjunction with other diagnostic tools, such as CT scans and X-rays. An oral surgeon has the tools and expertise to perform a biopsy on-site, and determine if the spot is cancerous or the cause of something else.
TYPES OF BIOPSIES
There are several types of oral biopsies that your oral surgeon might use. These include:
• Incisional biopsy. A small piece of tissue is removed from the area. In some instances, the biopsy needs to be performed under general anesthesia.
• Excisional biopsy. Done to smaller lesions, it removes most of, if not the entire, abnormality.
• Fine needle biopsy. A fine needle is used to extract cells from the lesion.
• Frozen section biopsy. A section of tissue is removed, frozen, and then cut into sections to be stained and examined under a microscope.
• Punch biopsy. Often used for lesions in the back of the mouth, a special tool punches out a section of the oddity to obtain many layers of tissue.
• Brush biopsy. A brush is swabbed against the lesion to obtain cells. This particular biopsy is often used for detecting oral cancer.
Oddities in your mouth need to be addressed and examined immediately. An oral surgeon has the tools and experience needed to do so, and start treatment right away. If you have a strange lesion in your mouth that just won’t go away, contact our office today.